What is testicular cancer and what are the risk factors?
Testicular cancer is caused by the abnormal and rapid growth of cancer cells in the testicle (glands of the male reproductive system).
It is the most frequent solid tumor between 15 and 35 years of age.
The predominant type of testicular cancer is germ cell tumors (GCT) (90-95% of cases).
Its incidence increases with a history of cryptorchidism (absence of the testicle in the scrotal sac or late descent).
What are the symptoms of testicular cancer and how is it diagnosed?
It is manifested by the spontaneous presence of a hard, generally non-painful lump in the testicle that conditions the need to perform a scrotal ultrasound and a determination of tumor markers in blood with very high sensitivity with respect to the diagnosis.
The presence of symptoms associated with testicular cancer is very infrequent, so the appearance of a mass in the testicle requires urgent medical attention by a urologist. urgent medical care by a specialist in urology.
In most cases the diagnosis, and therefore the treatment, is made early, so the chances of cure are very high.
There are different treatment options for testicular cancer, including surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Surgery consists in the removal of the testicle via the inguinal route. Subsequently, an anatomopathological analysis is performed and an extension study is carried out by means of a CT scan of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis.
The prognosis of these tumors is very good, with very high cure rates thanks to the excellent response to the different treatment modalities (surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy).