What does laparoscopic surgery consist of?
Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique, unlike conventional open surgery, in which different surgical procedures are performed through small incisions in the abdomen.
Laparoscopic surgery is a technique that accesses the abdomen through several incisions of 0.5 to 1 cm, called access ports. A tubular device known as a trocar is inserted into each port, through which the instruments used to perform the surgery are introduced. In order to obtain sufficient space in which to work, gas, carbon dioxide, is insufflated into the abdominal cavity.
The optics, called a laparoscope, is accessed through one of the central ports. This projects the images of the abdominal or pelvic cavity to the video monitors in the operating room, through which the surgeon guides the operation.
What are the advantages of laparoscopic surgery?
This technique has several advantages over conventional open surgery:
What urological procedures are performed by laparoscopic surgery?
There are multiple surgical procedures performed with this minimally invasive technique:
It is very important to individualize each case and and offer the best treatment for each patient, since not It is very important to individualize each case and offer the best treatment for each patient, since not all patients are candidates for laparoscopic surgery.